Cappadocia is a historical region located in Central Anatolia in the heart of Turkey, 730 km south east of Istanbul. It is defined by its fairy chimneys (large cone-like formations which were created by erosions of volcanic ash) and its rich historical and cultural heritage. Cappadocia dates back to the late 6th century BCE during the time of Darius I and Xerxes, when it was part of the Persian Empire and was called Katpatuka, which roughly translates as the Land of Beautiful Horses. After the Persian rule ended in 4th century BCE, it is said that Alexander the Great once tried to rule the region but in vain as a Persian aristocrat succeeded in becoming king. The region consists of four main cities which are crucial tourist spots – Nevsehir, Kayseri, Aksaray and Nigde. Hot air ballooning is a popular way to see its natural beauty. You get a bird’ s-eye view of the entire place. Cappadocia looks like a place right out of a fairy tale. Along with its natural attractions, the G reme Open-Air Museum is also worth checking out, along with the subterranean refuges of Derinkuyu and Kaymakli. And then, there is Cappadocia’ s cave hotel – an anachronistic experience in the 21st century.